The Afrikaner Nation and Boers feature prominently in my story of bacon. The first and second Anglo-Boer war shaped our land and provided the motivation for setting up the bacon company. Here are photos from the time immediately before and after the second Anglo-Boer War (ABW). It allows the reader to visualise the context better. I dedicate this section to my friends who bring to life the Afrikaner, referred to as Boers, the Brits, and the black and coloured South Africans who fought in these wars and lived through these times.
Martin Plaut writes about the role of ‘black Boers’, as they refer to black people fighting for the Boer nations, and says that the role of these ‘black Boers’ is captured in this British ditty:
‘Tommy, Tommy, watch your back
There are dusky wolves in cunning Piet’s pack
Sometimes nowhere to be seen
Sometimes up and shooting clean
They’re steathy lads, stealthy and brave
In darkness they’re awake
Duck, Duck, that bullet isn’t fake.
Chris Pretoriusposted a quote about Plaatjies: “In 1932, Solomon Tshekisho (Sol) Plaatje, intellectual, journalist, linguist, politician, translator and writer, born at Doornfontein near Boshof, OFS in 1876, passed away in Soweto at the age of 56. He was (amongst others) court translator for the British during the Siege of Mafeking and diarized his experiences, which was published posthumously.”
Brandwater Basin (Where my great Grandfather surrendered to the British – ABW)
Bermuda, Hawkins Island
Children, Concentration Camps and War
Crossing the River
Genl. De Wet, Christiaan.
The newspaper article is from a 1950’s Sunday Times article. Who is the “Pieter” referred to in the article? There was a Pieter de Villiers Graaff who was known as the Cape Rebel (Kaapse Rebel). He was a cousin of Sir David de Villiers Graaff, who is featured prominently in my work on bacon. Pieter participated in 25 battles in the ABW against the English and on 24 March 1901 he was captured and sent to India as a POW where he remained for the duration of the war. I doubt if the Sunday Times article refers to him. He did, however, have a son, also named Pieter de Villiers Graaff. He was born on December 16, 1911 and passed away on July 11, 1988. He was 76.
The Diyatalawa Garrison is a common name used for collection of military bases of the Sri Lanka Army located in and around the garrison town Diyatalawa in the Uva Province. Sometimes it is referred to as the Diyatalawa Cantonment. It is one of the oldest military garrisons in Sri Lanka. It is home to the several training centers of the army, including the Sri Lanka Military Academy and has a detachment of the Gemunu Watch. The Sri Lanka Army Medical Corps maintains a base hospital in Diyatalawa. SLAF Diyatalawa is situated in close proximity.
It is not exactly known as to when Diyatalawa became a training station for troops, but available records show that it was selected around 1885, when the British Army first established a garrison at Diyatalawa. At that time training was conducted at the Imperial Camp, which is presently occupied by the Gemunu Watch troops. In 1900, the British War Office constructed a concentration camp in Diyatalawa to house Boer prisoners captured in the Second Boer War. Initially constructed to house 2500 prisoners and 1000 guards and staff, the number of prisoners increased to 5000. During World War I an internment camp for enemy aliens was set up.
Early in World War II the camp was reopened and German nationals resident in Hong Kong and Singapore, as well as many sailors, like those removed from the Asama Maru in violation of international law, were housed here. Also imprisoned were Buddhist monks of German extraction like Nyanaponika and Govinda Anagarika who had acquired British citizenship. In June 1941 most of the sailors were transferred to Canada. The section for Germans was sensibly divided in a pro- and anti-Nazi wing. There was also a section set up to house Italian POWs. After the Japanese started bombing the island, inmates were on 23 February 1942 transferred to camps on the mainland. Males usually went to Dehradun.
After independence the facilities of the British Army were taken over by the newly established Ceylon Army, and Diyatalawa became the primary training grounds for the young army with the establishment in 1950 the Army Recruit Training Depot later renamed at the Army Training Centre. Several of the army’s regiments were resided here, 1st Field Squadron, Ceylon Engineers (1951), Sri Lanka Sinha Regiment (1956), Gemunu Watch (1962).
The Royal Navy had a rest camp, HMS Uva, which was situated at Diyatalawa with recreational facilities; this was later taken over by the Royal Ceylon Navy in 1956, commissioning it as HMCYS Rangalla and established its training center there. They had to move out in 1962 and it was taken over by the Gemunu Watch.
On 14 March 2013, the Security Forces Headquarters – Central the youngest of the seven commands of the Sri Lanka Army was formed at Diyatalawa. Prior to this Diyatalawa served as an Area Headquarters.
Howick British Concentration Camp for Boer Women and Children
Indigenous Houses (Used by Boers in the ABW)
Northern Cape ABW
The Royal Irish Regiment recruited from the counties of Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Kilkenny. It served in South Africa with General Hart’s Irish Brigade. Around 30,000 Irishmen saw service with the British Army in South Africa.
Iain Hayter writes, “There were a number of instances where Irish fought Irish in the ABW and many poems poems were written, the Irish being so lyrical……… We are leaving dear old Dublin
The gallant famous fifth;
We’re going to the Transvaal
Where the Boers we mean to shift.
We are the sons of Erin’s Isle –
The famous Fifth Battalion
Of the Dublin Fusiliers.
Let this conflict be a warning
To all Britannia’s foes;
Not to tease her ftirious lion
As on his way he goes.
For if they do, they’ll fmd they’re wrong
And won’t get volunteers
To stand in the face of a Regiment
Like the Dublin Fusiliers
On the mountain side the battle raged, there was no stop or stay;
Mackin captured Private Burke and Ensign Michael Shea,
Fitzgerald got Fitzpatrick, Brannigan found O ’Rourke,
Firmigan took a man named Fay – and a couple of lads from Cork.
Sudden they heard McManus shout, ‘Hands up or I’ll run you through’.
He thought it was a Yorkshire ‘Tyke’ – ’twas Corporal Donaghue!
McGany took O ’Leary, O ’Brien got McNamee,
That’s how the ’English fought the Dutch’ at the Battle of Dundee.
The sun was sinking slowly, the battle rolled along;
The man that Murphy ‘handed in’, was a cousin of Maud Gonne,
Then Flanagan dropped his rifle, shook hands with Bill McGuire,
For both had carried a piece of turf to light the schooh-oom fire …
Dicey brought a lad named Welsh; Dooley got McGurk;
Gilligan turned in Fahey’s boy – for his father he used to work.
They had marched to fight the English – but Irish were all they could see –
That’s how the ‘English fought the Dutch’ at the Battle of Dundee.
Russians in the ABW
Lt. Col. Maximov ( A Russian volunteer) with Gen. Kolbe. Photo supplied by Elria Wessels.
Simons Town POW’s
St Helena, Broadbottom Camp, Deadwood Camp.
Treaty of Vereeniging, signed on 31 May 1902 (end of ABW2)
Gideon Jacobus van Tonder was born in 1864 in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape (then the Cape Colony). He passed away in 1924 in the Free State. He is buried at the Rustfontein Dam, which is located on the Modder River near Thaba ‘Nchu. He was the owner of the farm Brakfontein in that area. He also resided at 21 Hill Street, Bloemfontein. From 1894 to 1900 he was minister of Agriculture in the Orange Free State Government. Giel Venter from Fauresmith gave me this information. Giel is one of his descendants. If Gideon was still alive we would have spent many days talking about farming and animal husbandry and of course, bacon curing!
When President Steyn was out of the country or on leave, he acted as State President on numerous occasions. When the ABW broke out, he resigned from government after his son, Hansie, was killed at the battle of Magersfontein. Genl. De Wet wrote about it in his book, Three Years’ War.
De Wet wrote: “I can only remember three instances of anyone being hurt by the shells. A young burgher, while riding behind a ridge and thus quite hidden from the enemy, was hit by a bomb, and both he and his horse were blown to atoms. This youth was a son of Mr. Gideon van Tonder, a member of the Executive Council.”
I am planning a visit to Giel, as soon as it is permitted and will update this section with much more information.
A very big part of the art of living is family! Here I feature different sets of family photos. The kids are fortunate to have two extra sets of extended families involved in their lives also. Here we feature the families of all the parents, step-parents, uncles, aunts and further extended family.
Oom Jan Kok
Oom Jan is my mom’s brother. He sent me the following set op photos.
Oom Jan stuur hierdie fotos vir ons op 28 Desember 2017. Vir die lys van al Oom Jan se bydraes, besoek Oom Jan Onthou. Ek pos dit als as deel van “Bacon and the art of living” en in besonder, deel van die gedeelte wat handel oor “The Art of Living”.
In hierdie tyd skryf Ouma Santjie die volgende brief aan Ma in Potchefstroom :
Ons het gister jou brief gekry baja dankie, ek was spyt om te sien dat jy so virkoude is, ek hoop darem dit gaan beter, met ons gaan dit goed ons is nou weer baja gesond. Pappie se oor is ook heel te maal gesond. Jy het seker nog nie gehoor dat Aunt Chathrina weer ?n seuntjie het nie, hy is die 23 ste gebore, hy is vndag 8 dae oud, laaste Dinsdag was sy net baja siek toe was ou Green daarheen hy sê dit is ook die griep wat sy het, maar nou gaan dit weer beter. Oom Freek was gister hier, Pieter was ook hier, ons vra vir hom wat is daar hy se daar is ?n bobbejaan ek vra wat is sy naam hy se Fransie
Hendrik van aunt Kotie was mos ook so baja siek, laats Sondag was ou Green daar en Maandag was Dr Heyns weer daar hy het glo Inflamatie, gister het oom Freek gese was hy bietjie beter maar vandag het ek nog nie weer gehoor nie, ek dink die dag met die Vandiesie het hy seker koue gekry want dit was mos so?n nare dag gewees.
Die ou Klein Kaffertjie van ou Viljoen het laaste Vrydag vir Brand, dit was mos so vreeslik koud daardie dag, en die meid het glo buite kant vuur gemaak en toe gaan sy mis optel toe sy sien toe was die ou kaffertjie in die volle vlam, Pappie het toe nog dieselfde middag die dokter daarheen laat gaan maar nog die selfde nag is hy dood.
Dina is vanaand hier, ons was vanmiddag daar en Maria het so aangehou laat sy moet saam kom.
Pappie het daarom die jaard vir die huis Klaar dit lyk net ewe gaaf.
Die hoenders by die windpomp le nog nie eers nie hier by die huis begin hulle nou net tamenlik te le
Oom Attie hulle het Saterdag nag hier geslaap en Miss Boshoff ook sy was saam met oom Attie hulle.
Hoe gaan dit met aunt Miem? Word sy nou al beter en wat se sy sal die dokter haar kan help ?
Mariaatjie was tog te hoog oor die brief wat sy van jou gekry het. Ek het nog nie eers aunt Cathrina se seun gesien nie.
Pappie had mos so ‘n skade met sy skape die Honde was daar onder, en hulle het 9 doodgebyt en nog ‘n hele paar stukkend gebyt. Die arme ou Bok het hulle net so verniel hy sal ook seker nog dood gaan, nou weet hulle nog nie eers wie se honde dit was nie, dis daarom ‘n vreeslike skade.
Nou liewe Susan die nieuws is nou op en ek is al vaak baja groete van Dina, Pappie, Mariaatjie en van mammie.
Jou liefhebbende moeder,
(I retained the original words used in the letter for historical context and accuracy. The word “Kaffertjie” is a derogatory term, the use of which is prohibited by law in SA)
Met vakansie by Bananabeach. VLNR : Cecil, Miemie, Myra en Mike Webb, Sannie, Ma het ek en Pa. Ek vermoed Uysie het die foto geneem. Let tog op die das van Cecil op vakansie geddra het. Ek en Uysie roei saam met maats op ‘n boot in die Riviermond. Ek dink hulle was Opperman.
My Mom’s Photo Album 1 and 2
Marthie en Loomie
Ouma en Ma
My ma se Ouma en Oupa
My Mom’s Photo Album 3 – Photos of my dad, his side of the family, the Kokke and my mom and dad’s wedding.